Thursday, January 23, 2020

The Adventures Of Huckleberry :: essays research papers

Every day society is imposed upon by awful messages. Not one day passes in which we do not see something terrible or obscene on television, and most people have been exposed to the usage of racial slurs. It is hard to understand why a book should be banned if it has this subject matter in extremely small amounts. The decision should be left up to the potential reader of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn because making the book required would be just as ridiculous as completely banning it. The Adventures Huck Finn is an outstanding novel with absolutely no reason at all to be banned at any school across the globe.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  This novel by the extraordinary author Mark Twain is an exceptional piece of literature. The book itself may have a few credits to its disadvantage, but those credits against it are so minor that they should not be taken into account.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  One of the downsides of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is the usage of certain racial slurs. The word 'nigger'; appears 189 times, but it should not make a substantial impact on a reader. This word itself may be quite offensive; particularly in the beginning of the book, but towards the middle and end, the racial term is not used to degrade people of the African American race.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  The most prevalent misuse of the word 'nigger'; is in the introductory part of the novel. This racial slur is mostly abused by Huck's father, Pap. Pap represents the average misinformed 'redneck.'; In each appearance that Pap had in the book, he had criticizing words for whatever was going on around him. For example, he was making fun of the North because black people were allowed to have freedom. Pap had many stereotypical views. None of those should be taken greatly into consideration seeing as how Pap was intoxicated in all of his appearances throughout the book. Pap had a sever alcohol problem. He would have spent every last dime that he or Huck had to buy alcoholic products. His behavior not only mad him quite drunk but abusive as well. Huck was held like a prisoner by Pap, and Pap even almost killed him once. Pap shouldn't be taken seriously by the potential readers of Huck Finn.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  People who read The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn have to keep in mind that the time setting was in the pre-Civil War era. During this time period, may people had the common misconception that black people were merely property. The slaves were hardly ever treated as human beings.

Tuesday, January 14, 2020

Applied Psychological Perspectives Essay

The psychodynamic approach was associated with a man called Sigmund Freud, this man believed that the brain was split into 3 parts, just like an ice-burg. At the tip of the ice burg where everybody can see, is the â€Å"Conscious† part of the brain, this holds thoughts and perceptions. The â€Å"Pre Conscious† level is where memories, feelings and past experiences are locked up in our mind but often let out, this holds memories and easily accessed knowledge. The unconscious level is where everything is under the surface and you would never dare to tell anyone other than yourself, this holds unacceptable sexual desires, irrational fears, violent urges, irrational fears, selfish needs and immoral urges. Freud believed that throughout life all of these levels are shown, and sometimes when we say something that we might never thought we would say, that is our unconscious level showing. Freud also said that the early experiences in life were the ones that made you who you were as an adult. If there is struggle throughout certain stages during your early life then this could result to an individual becoming stuck and could result in difficulties of personality traits which may explain some ones behaviour in later life. It is important to recognise that we may not be able to understand behaviours as the individual may not understand themselves what is causing their certain behaviour, the â€Å"psychodynamic therapy† helps to make a person examine unresolved conflicts and symptoms that arise from past relationships and try to find the need and desire to be angry. The therapy usually lasts around 2 years as the therapy is a goal to change an aspect or someone’s identity or personality to resolve when the person was â€Å"stuck† in their childhood stages of development. The advantages of the psychodynamic approach is that it focuses on the cause of the problem rather then just given medicine and treating the symptoms of the patient, it focuses on the real problem that the patient has. It also builds a trusting relationship between a people, for example if someone had psychodynamic counselling the counsellor would make a trusting relationship with the person first, and this may make the person want to â€Å"open up† and discuss certain problems that they are having, this therefore is another advantage. The disadvantages of the approach is that the treatment for the approach can take many years to â€Å"fix† the problem and sometimes it may not possibly work. Also some people may find it harder to â€Å"open up† then others so again it can be very time consuming and at times difficult to try and solve a problem when you don’t know what the problem is. The humanistic approach looks at human experience from the viewpoint of the individual, it focuses on the belief that we are all capable of making choices. Abraham Maslow came up with â€Å"hierarchy of needs† this is a pyramid that involves things that we need to because our â€Å"self actualisation† which is the best that we can be. It starts with basic needs, then safety and security needs, love and emotion needs and then self esteem needs. We have self esteem which is how valuable we feel, the amount of esteem we provide ourselves with. Self-concept is the way in what we see ourselves, and self actualisation is being the best that we can be and achieving full potential. The humanistic approach would usually use treatments such as counselling but base it on something called â€Å"unconditional positive regard† this is to help an individual develop a more positive sense of self. This way, the person over time sees themselves as worthy. This approach would be good for aggression and addiction as it is helping the person to realise that they are worth something and could potentially help stop aggression and addiction. An advantage of the humanistic approach is that it looks at the person as a whole to try and resolve their problem by looking at them as a whole. The humanistic approach provides the foundations and uses active listening and helps in forming a relationship between 2 people. It in itself can enable self actualisation by using the core values (empathy, warmth, attentiveness, unconditional positive regard and genuineness) but other approaches such as CBT would speed up the process, therefore it in itself helps someone to have self esteem etc. The disadvantage of this approach is that there has not been that much evidence of success. Also, the humanistic approach says that each student has their own â€Å"learning style† and the teacher should use this learning style for each independent person, however these learning styles and their evaluations tend to be very unorganised and unwieldy. The social learning approach believes that our behaviour is taught. According to the social learning theory, role models are very important. For example, if we watch someone that we love behaving in a particular way, we are more likely to feel that we have to act like the person is acting. Although this is just an example of what can change our behaviour, groups of people may also change our behaviour but also culture and society could change our behaviour, for example values, norms, language, customs and practices of groups. Also the role that we are in may change our behaviour because of the people around us. This theory therefore is good as the treatment provides positive role models for people that may have got caught up in bad role models, which is why I have chosen it for aggression and addiction, as if you surround these people with good role models they may believe to start believing them selves and come off their addiction and stop being so angry. The advantages of social learning is that it looks at the behaviour of someone as being â€Å"taught† this includes; shyness, optimism, confidence etc. The social learning approach looks at peoples behaviour in detail and this really helps us to understand why people act in the way that they do, so it is helpful as it explains why and where these behaviours have been learnt from (trace its origin). The disadvantages are that it is quite time consuming and does not always cure certain behaviours or illnesses, it also tries to face certain things to overcome their certain behaviour, for example take a person addicted to alcohol, they would give someone alcohol but mix it with a drug which, when mixed with alcohol would lead to sickness, making the person not want to consume alcohol again – but it can be very stressful for that individual and it is also very dangerous. Also not everyone copies someone else’s behaviour so having a good role model not might make a difference, and a person with anger may get angrier by having a happy, bubbly person around them all of the time. The biological approach says that a child is born with a set of genetic instructions passed down from its parents. Cognitive, physical and other development processes unfold over time. It is nothing to do with the environment that we live in. I have particularly chosen the biological approach for â€Å"addiction† as I believe that a lot of people that have been addicted (mostly to drugs and alcohol) usually need medicine to just help them slowly come off of their addiction as well as having over therapies along side. For example, a person that is taking heroin would take the biological approach and be given â€Å"methadone† this is a drug that slowly is introduced to someone that is addicted to heroin and they slowly come off of the heroin and start to take the methadone on its own. I think the biological approach is very helpful in some cases but along side with other approaches. An advantage of the biological approach is that is makes use of scientific and experimental procedures in its investigations and it also strongly supports the nature-nurture debate. The disadvantages is that it doesn’t look so much at how the environment and socialisation affects behaviour and life factors. It believes that everything is to do with the way our genes are and the environment etc will not affect this – we are who we are when we are born and this maps out how we are going to be for the future.

Monday, January 6, 2020

Strong Organizational Culture Free Essay Example, 1750 words

Aside from having a clear organizational vision, mission, and goals, other typical features of having a strong organizational culture include: (1) having a unified organizational identity; (2) performed work activities are considered as a group performance; (3) each department within the business organization are well-coordinated; (4) supervisors and business managers have a higher control over the group of employees; and (5) the team has a strong ability to control and tolerate risks and conflicts among others (Schwalbe, 2010, p. 52; Divedi, 1995, p. 10). Contrary to having a strong organizational culture, a business organization that has a weak organizational culture is often characterized by having no clear organizational vision, mission, and goals. It means that a business organization with a weak or no organizational culture are the ones that have a group of employees with no shared purpose (Divedi, 1995, p. 11). For this reason, business organizations with a weak organizationa l culture are the ones that usually experience problems related to internal and external conflicts such as miscommunication or serious arguments among the corporate employees (Lussier, 2009, p. 51). We will write a custom essay sample on Strong Organizational Culture or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/page For example, Hill and Jones (2012, p. 32) explained that a strong organizational culture plays a significant role in terms of being able to encourage and direct a large group of employees to work together towards a single organizational vision, mission, and goal.

Sunday, December 29, 2019

The Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Allan Poe - 2010 Words

The Cask of Amontillado â€Å"The Cask of Amontillado† composed by Edgar Allan Poe is one of the precise examples of Poe’s hypothesis of solidarity of the short story. Poe’s utilization of language helps the reader to understand the conflict between two men, Montresor and Fortunato. In the story, Montresor, cunningly, wants to take revenge from Fortunato. Although the two men are seen in an unexpected way, they both need a similar thing; to fulfill the desire for something that has long past due. Montresor is confessing his crime in front of someone. The story broadens Montresor character but limits Fortunato’s character. The theme of trickiness and revenge, is explained with the utilization of symbolism and irony, Montresor seeks peace†¦show more content†¦Poe also specifies similarities between Montresor and Fortunato. For instance, to take revenge from Fortunato, Montresor is using Amontillado. Because Amontillado is Fortunato’s strength and he thinks himself to be a wine expertise. â€Å"He pride himself upon his connoisseurship in wine† (Poe 116). Curiously, Montresor sees Fortunato’s pride as a shortcoming (he sees his own as a quality), and like the cunning men he is, Montresor praise upon this point, making a nonexistent container of Amontillado that he knows Fortunato effectively taste. To guarantee that, Montresor goes even above and beyond and pokes Fortunato’s pride by saying that he wants to have Luchresi taste the wine on the grounds that â€Å"if anyone has a critical turn, it is he† (Poe 116). Fortunato pride can’t acknowledge that anybody is preferable at wine sampling over he is, so Fortunato affronts both Montresor and Luchresi by saying that â€Å"you have been imposed upon; and as for Luchresi, he cannot distinguish Sherry from Amontillado â€Å"(Poe 116). So awesome is Fortunato’s pride that he does not see the impact of his abuse have upon Montresor; h e trust that he can state and do anything as a result of his prevalent aptitudes. As a result, his pride makes him fall into Montresor’s trap. Fortunato and Montresor had same skills in identifying Italian vintages. Montresor says that â€Å"I did not differ from him materially;-I was skillful in Italian vintages myself, and I can bought largelyShow MoreRelatedThe Cask of Amontillado by Edgar Allan Poe888 Words   |  4 PagesThe Cask of Amontillado by Edgar Allan Poe In ?The Cask of Amontillado?, Edgar Allan Poe takes us on a trip into the mind of a mad man. Poe uses certain elements to convey an emotional impact. He utilizes irony, descriptive detail of setting, and dark character traits to create the search of sinful deceit. Poe also uses first person, where the narrator is the protagonist who is deeply involved. The purpose is to get the reader to no longer be the observer. He wants them to see with MontressorRead MoreThe Cask of Amontillado by Edgar Allan Poe836 Words   |  3 Pagesqualities in the story. In the story many things are used as symbols such as the actual cask of amontillado, the trowel, the jester costume and the setting in which there is two in the story. Another literary technique used significantly in the story is irony. Irony is the expression of ones meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite. In the short story â€Å"The Cask of Amontillado,† Montresor a very troubled man who plans to seek revenge on another man named FortunatoRead MoreEdgar Allan Poe And The Cask Of Amontillado1384 Words   |  6 PagesWhat makes Edgar Allan Poe work unique? Other than being a strange individual, Poe has become a remarkable literature writer. The Raven, Annabel Lee, and The Cask of Amontillado are just a few of Poe’s work that staples the theme of gothic literature. This essay will allow you to see the gothic elements Edgar Allan Poe uses through his most common poems. Gothic literature has many elements which play into its definition. The actual definition is a style of writing that is characterized by elementsRead MoreThe Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Allan Poe906 Words   |  4 Pages â€Å"The Cask of Amontillado† â€Å"The Cask of Amontillado† was written in 1846, by Edgar Allan Poe. Born in 1809, Poe never knew any of his parents. At the age of three, his mother died of tuberculosis, and his father deserted the family before he was born. Taking care of him was his foster parents in Richmond, Virginia. They loved Poe, but were not supportive of his decisions and kept Poe poor. Having debt and not being able to provide food and clothes for himself caused Poe to quit school. Later, heRead MoreThe Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Allan Poe920 Words   |  4 Pageswhen that trust no longer exists? In â€Å"The Cask of Amontillado† written by Edgar Allan Poe, Fortunato is about to find the answer to this question. On the surface, Montresor seems friendly with Fortunato, but deep down he feels nothing but hate for him. Could this hatred have an irrationality that only Montresor understands? In different ways, both of these men are proud and affluent, yet both have downfalls that will l ead to a tragic ending. Edgar Allan Poe’s use of language contributes to the understandingRead MoreThe Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Allan Poe1555 Words   |  7 PagesIn his writing, Edgar Allan Poe has multiple uses of direct and indirect characterization. In The Cask of Amontillado, Montresor had rules such as â€Å"I must not only punish but punish with impunity. A wrong is unredressed when retribution overtakes its redresser. It is equally unredressed when the avenger fails to make himself felt as such to him who has done the wrong† (Poe, 2). Poe used indirect characterization to show the reader that Montresor is an unreliable narrator because he justified hisRead MoreThe Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Allan Poe1303 Words   |  6 PagesIn Edgar Allan Poe’s â€Å"The Cask of Amontillado,† the narrator recalls an extremely significant time in his life, and takes the reader along with him. Throughout the story, one experiences a perfectly planned murder which took place over fifty years ago, and still no one has discovered what truly happened to poor Fortunato as he was chained to a wall in a room that was then closed off, and torched to death due to all the nitre in the walls. As the story goes on, the reader can see some of Poe’s unfortunateRead MoreThe Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Allan Poe1076 Words   |  5 PagesThe short story, The Cask of Amontillado, written by Edgar Allan Poe is a story of terror and betrayal. Like many of Poe’s literary works, the story has a dark undertone with a theme of terror and depression. More than half a century ago, Marshall McLuhan argued that though Poe was fascinated by evil, the evil that he had in mind was not that of Calvinism, but that of the split man and the split civilization. In general, McLuhan was right, but in this instance Calvinism, and its God, provided a darkRead MoreThe Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Allan Poe707 Words   |  3 PagesIn the short story of The Ca sk of Amontillado, Edgar Allan Poe writes in first person point of view from the perspective of Montresor who seeks revenge against Fortunato. Montresor began to develop the perfect plan for revenge. During the carnival season, Montresor meets with Fortunato and decides to implement his plan carefully through irony. Poe s story describes the murderer s mind which has lived as a memory of Fortunato s death for fifty years. Poe uses different types of irony and symbolismRead MoreThe Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Allan Poe985 Words   |  4 PagesEdgar Allen Poe is a well known author of short stories and poetry from the 19th century. He is known especially for his stories of horror and suspense. The Cask of Amontillado is one of his more famous pieces. The story follows the narrator, Montresor, as he exacts revenge on Fortunato. Montressor draws Fortunato into the wine cellar where eventually he chains Fortunato to the wall and encloses him inside it. Throughout the story the narrator continually proves that he is not the most reliable source

Saturday, December 21, 2019

Superstition Essay - 629 Words

We have all seen or practiced a superstition. Crossing our fingers for good luck or avoiding the path of a black cat. Some are as old as the written word. They have woven themselves into the fabric of everyday society. Probably the most superstious group in our society is the athlete. Baseball players will not step on the foul line as they leave the field of play. Football players have exact pregame rituals that can not be interrupted. The hockey fans of the Detroit Red Wings will throw an octopus onto the ice after their team scores a goal. The Red Sox did not will a World Series all of those years, simply because they trade Babe Ruth to the Yankees. The Cubs are still paying for not allowing a goat into one of their games. While all†¦show more content†¦They can bond together and wallow in each others sorrow. Being superstitious is something that most players will not admit to being, but the rest of the team will not talk to a pitcher pitching a no hitter. It is an unwritten rule that even if you do not believe in the superstition, you still do not challenge it. A pitcher who was in the middle of pitching a perfect game was receiving a cup of water from the same bat boy in between innings. Before the eighth inning the batboy did not give him his cup of water. Panic set in, the ritual had been broken. On his way to the pitcher’s mound, all he could think of was the cup of water. He went on to pitch the perfect game, but the effect the superstition had on him is evident. His most memorable moment of the game was not getting that cup of water. Over thirty years later, this is what he remembers. The common denominator behind most sport superstitions is confidence. By following these idiosyncrasies, the player maintains his confidence. A pitcher on a winning streak will keep using the same undershirt and socks without washing them. Not doing this will upset the baseball gods and they will end his winning streak. In reality it is just an extra boost to his confidence. An extra confident pitcher can make the out pitch when it is needed. Another result of superstition is rhythm. A basketball player will go through an exact routine prior to attempting a free throw. This superstition/routineShow MoreRelatedSuperstition : Superstition And Superstition1016 Words   |  5 Pages Jenee Smith English 1102 March 1, 2016 Superstition Superstition refers to unreasonable fear and belief of something that is unknown. The extent of this belief and the fear is common, not only among the illiterate, tribal and senior citizens, but even amongst the educated ones, and the people guided by rational thoughts. Superstitions contain various types, and diverse people of various countries are influenced by these assertions. Some people consider it as a bad sign when someone sneezes whileRead MoreSuperstitions : Superstitions And Superstitions1274 Words   |  6 PagesElizabethan Era: Superstitions The topic I chose was â€Å"superstitions†. When I started my research I had no idea that some of our superstitions are a copy of their superstitions. I never our superstitions weren’t just made up by us overnight, but I did not realize how much our superstitions originated from the Elizabethan Era. In researching this paper, I learned where some of our superstitions came from, some new superstitions, and some explanation for some superstitions, that make you stop and thinkRead MoreSuperstitions : Superstition And Superstition1689 Words   |  7 PagesThere is a various amount of superstitions out in the world that people hear about, but what exactly makes a superstition? Is there a definition known throughout for One source says that they are â€Å"a belief or an action that is inconsistent with science and needs to be aimed at bringing good luck or avoiding bad luck† (â€Å"Superstitions: Why You Believe†). Superstitions themselves can range from any s mall action that someone does to help their chances. Whether it is a lucky pair of socks or avoidingRead MoreSuperstition : Superstition And Superstition Essay1911 Words   |  8 PagesSuperstition, often a word that is used to describe an event as bad or good luck, failure, supernatural and the world that is unknown. Superstition played an important role that took place several times in the story. A belief that killing a spider is a bad sign, touching snakeskin with bare hands can only bring bad luck, and the belief that a hairball can tell a persons future, are all examples of some of the superstitions found throughout their journey. Throughout this novel, Jim and HuckleberryRead MoreSuperstition : Superstition And Science1576 Words   |  7 Pagesinsight of all time: for every physical effect, there is a physical cause. Causality abolishes superstition† (Park 31). Superstition and Science have created an interesting juxtaposition in life. Superstition is not based on rea soning, it is based on magic, culture, and support, in a time of uncertainty. CULTURE AND SUPERSTITION There are many different types of culture in today’s world. Superstition is a part of every culture regardless of what culture you are from. â€Å"Culture is defined as: a:Read MoreSuperstition630 Words   |  3 PagesSuperstition â€Å"is a belief, half-belief, or practice for which there appears to be no rational substance.† People tend to believe that they have their own certain knowledge or evidence that supports religious beliefs or philosophical reasoning’s. This leads people into believing that they have more control than the reality and actuality of all situations and circumstances. Many customs that we take for granted as being a â€Å"normal† part of our culture have actually evolved from superstitious beliefsRead More Superstitions speech Essay720 Words   |  3 Pages I’m doing my speech on superstitions. Wulp wish me luck, break a leg, knock on wood. Superstitions, what are they and where did they come from? Are they true are they false or is there some sort of reasoning behind them? Or are they simply just a whole lot of mumbo jumbo. I mean †¦.. awww man (meeoow) there goes a black cat man talk about bad luck it just took off with any luck that I had, (gosh darn – click fingers well lets see if its true†¦Mrs Maslen whadda ya reckon am I gonna get an A for thisRead MoreThe Theory Of Superstition And Science2050 Words   |  9 Pagesphysical cause. Perhaps this concept, â€Å"Causality abolishes superstition† (Park 31), is what leads us to entertain the thought that there may be a scientific reason for what happens. Superstition and Science have created an interesting juxtaposition in life. Superstition is not based on reasoning; it is based on magic, culture, and support, in a time of uncertainty. There are many types of culture in today’s world. Superstition is a part of every culture regardless of what culture you areRead MoreSuperstition Is A Superstition, And Where Do They Even Come From?1827 Words   |  8 Pagesgraveyard. You know what I’m talking about. Superstitions. Now, be honest, how many of you started humming that song, â€Å"Livin’ la Vida Loco†? My point is that we follow these superstitions for no reason at all, oftentimes without knowing why, or even what it’s supposed to do for us. What exactly is a superstition, and where do they even come from? Storks? Alright, let’s try to establish a definition of superstition. According to my sister, â€Å"Superstition means rules we follow and we don’t even knowRead More The Power of Superstition Essays694 Words   |  3 PagesThe Power of Superstition A superstition is the belief or practice resulting from ignorance, fear of the unknown, trust in magic or chance, or a false conception of causation. Superstition is also an irrational abject attitude of mind toward the supernatural, nature, or God or a notion maintained despite evidence to the contrary (Merriam-Webster). Superstitions are the most common relic of the past handed down from the ages. When where did superstition come from? There is an abundance of

Friday, December 13, 2019

Love for Your Country Free Essays

I don’t love my country. In fact, I fail to see how it is possible to love my country. Now, I live in America, and, from somebody who’s traveled a bit, it’s not too bad here. We will write a custom essay sample on Love for Your Country or any similar topic only for you Order Now The streets are fairly clean, one is free to say more or less what one thinks (outside of school, of course), and the standard of living is fairly high. So, I like living in the US. However, I could never love America. Loving your country is a bit like loving your race, or loving all those who follow your religion: it feels nice, but it’s wrong. America is simply another country. It has its fair share of nice, kind folks. It has its fair share of misers. Fully half of its population is UNDER the average intelligence, as in any other country. Fully half is above the average intelligence, too. Just because you happen to live here doesn’t make you in any way superior, or in any way special. Or, for that matter, it doesn’t make you in any way inferior to anybody. It doesn’t mean that you may not be special, or intelligent, or whatever, it simply means that you’re not any of those things just because you’re American. Being proud of being American is like being proud of being Christian: how can you be proud of that? If you want to be proud, be proud of your achievements! You’ve taught yourself quantum physics, that’s a reason to be proud. Your artwork just sold for a whole bunch of money, that’s a reason to be proud. You have just learned to read Kanji, that’s a good reason to be proud. However, being proud because you can wave a cross or a specific flag? Being proud of where, exactly, your house is located? Where’s the sense of that? You have no impact on America. You don’t, in any significant way, affect it. Were your vote to count for a hundred votes, you’d still not affect the country one whit. Therefore, why be proud of something for which you’re not responsible, of something that you haven’t created or affected? Call me stupid (odds are some folks will anyway), but I don’t get it. I’m not saying to hate America. That’s as nonsensical as loving it. What I’m saying is: why have feelings for a giant chunk of land? Why care for a particular government? Love nice people, if you will. Be proud of belonging to Mensa, if you want. Those are things you can, and should, be proud of. But being proud of belonging to a giant organization for which there are no requirements, other than that you be born there? If your self- esteem is THAT low, I’d recommend you talk to psychiatrist, not write to your congressman. How to cite Love for Your Country, Papers